About Eindhoven

The City of Eindhoven is one of the five largest cities in The Netherlands with 230,000 inhabitants, while the Eindhoven region has more than 750,000 inhabitants. The city is one of the three economic engines of The Netherlands, delivering 14% of the national GDP. Eindhoven is the central, urbanised hub within the Brainport high-tech region in the south-east of the Netherlands, known as a centre of innovation, ICT, knowledge and design. 

Eindhoven is facing serious challenges due to rapid population growth. The population is estimated to increase from 220,000 in 2014 to 300,000 by 2030. Critical issues for the city, which are exacerbated by climate change, include flooding, urban heat stress, air pollution, and lower quality of life. The rapid urbanisation in recent years has also led to the disappearance of significant blue zones, which has had detrimental consequences to the urban environment and quality of life.


Eindhoven's NBS demonstrations


Several locations within the Eindhoven city centre with different characteristics constitute Eindhoven's demonstration areas for nature-based solutions. 

Eindhoven has implemented green spaces and elements in several streets within the city centre, which previously were completely paved. By using less pavement, less water is channelled into the sewer which reduces the risk of flooding. The vegetation also mitigates heat stress as it provides shade and increases water evaporation. The city has transformed the Vestdijk boulevard where traffic has been reduced to improve air quality and existing green areas have been revamped to enhance the liveability of the street. The Clausplein square has been refurbished and trees, shrubs and grasses have been planted on the previously stone-covered square. A green façade and green spaces have also been implemented in the Nutsbedrijven Regio Eindhoven area with the help of the citizens living in the area, and tree rings and other green elements have been planted on several streets in the city centreA green façade was also implemented on a building on Oude Stadsgracht, whereas a green roof is being installed on the City Hall and green spaces are being created in the area surrounding the entrance of the building.

Water retention areas were implemented on the Vestdijk boulevard and on the Clausplein square as part of an integrated plan linking green and blue measures. Nature-based techniques were selected for the sites to purify and reduce stormwater runoff. The city will daylight the Grote Beek watercourse in the GGzE area, which will connect water bodies to enable fauna migration and increase the water surface area and the aeration capacity of the water body. This will lead to enhanced biodiversity and improved fauna migration.

Learn more about Tampere's NBS demonstrations

Our Urban Challenges

Our Urban Challenges

Air pollution
Biodiversity loss
Climate resilience
Green space management
Climate driven health issues
Knowledge and social capacity building
New economic opportunities and green jobs
Participatory planning and governance
Place regeneration
Our Nature-based Solutions

Our Nature-based Solutions

Green facade
Green roof
Tree group
Rivercourse daylighting
Street trees
Underground water storage
Urban garden

Partners involved in Eindhoven's NBS implementation

Latest Updates

Related Information

The Game of Nature-based Solutions in Eindhoven

At the ENoLL OpenLivingLab Days, which took place in Geneva in August 2018, the Municipality of Eindhoven hosted a co-creation workshop on the application of nature-based solutions, using the inner city of Eindhoven as their testing ground. The objective of the workshop was to share our knowledge on the implementation of NBS and to let participants experiment with NBS.

Buddy Meeting Between Eindhoven and Prague

The so-called “Buddy System” has been developed within the UNaLab project as a set of tools and activities to transfer knowledge and results about nature-based solutions from the front-runner cities to the follower cities. As part of the buddy activities organised between the cities, front-runner city Eindhoven and follower city Prague organised a buddy meeting in Prague in May.

NBS performance monitoring in the front-runner cities

Year 2019 marked the advancement and near finalisation of NBS planning and construction in the UNaLab front-runner cities. During the latter half of 2019, the cities have been working with the project’s technical partners to identify a suite of relevant key performance indicators (KPIs) that will provide essential information about the performance and impact of the NBS being implemented.

Co-creating nature-based solutions: barriers to adoption in the city of Eindhoven

In October last year, the Eindhoven University of Technology and Eindhoven Municipality arranged a workshop to identify barriers to the adoption of an urban living lab concept for the implementation of nature-based solutions (NBS). The aim for this workshop was to find specific issues which keep those actors from collaborating with each other.

The effectiveness of NBS to reduce pluvial flooding risks in Eindhoven

Like many other cities, Eindhoven suffered from urban expansion that was not accompanied by adequate upgrades to sewer and storm water networks. This has led to an increase in urban flooding, consequential property and infrastructure damage and associated costs. To counter this, the Eindhoven municipality has developed various near future and future adaptation measures that foresee the implementation of certain NBS to reduce pluvial flooding.

The transformation of the Vestdijk boulevard

The Vestdijk road in Eindhoven has been transformed into an urban boulevard hosting many new nature-based solutions to address the air quality, heat stress and flooding problems in the area. The pavement on the reconstructed boulevard has been replaced by trees, plants and a nature-based water storage system.

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