Prague is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic and also the 14th largest city in the European Union. The City of Prague has a population of around 1.27 million people. Another 300,000-400,000 people commute to Prague every day for work, studies, treatment or tourism. Prague concentrates approximately 12% of the Czech population and the territory of the city generates approximately a quarter of the national gross domestic product. About 80% of the total workforce in Prague is employed in the tertiary economic sector, which generates 80% of added value. Major universities and a number of research institutes (2/3 of public research institutions) are to be found in Prague, as well as the majority of businesses active in research and development.
The city is facing numerous climate and water related urban challenges, such as densification, biodiversity loss, flooding and pollution. The primary concerns in Prague are stormwater management and urban air quality, which the city aims to address by implementing nature-based solutions to enhance the number of and extend existing green spaces and improve water filtration.
Prague's vision for 2050 is to have a high-quality green infrastructure, which is interconnected and provides multiple ecosystem services. Water bodies will be used for both recreation and sustainable water management. Through a smart combination of technology and nature-based solutions, the city is flexible to adapt to the climate and changing circumstances. Smart planning and design are applied at all levels, to adapt to local circumstances and to allow flexibility over time.