Inspiration Card
Nature Based Solution
Coastal Areas

N29 Living Breakwater / Shoreline

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Climate Resilience Water Management Natural and Climate Hazards Biodiversity Enhancement Air Quality Health and Well-being Social Justice and Social Cohesion

Living breakwaters and shorelines are erosion control techniques that combine natural habitats with natural or engineered means of lowering waves energy in order to reduce the damages dealt by storm urge and costal erosion. Often standard breakwaters and shorelines are made of artificial materials such as stones and concrete. Living breakwaters and shorelines, on the other hand, are made from natural materials so that, beside their primary goal, they also can be used as artificial habitats in or

Conditions for Implementation
  • Existing types of habitats in the neighborhood
  • site’s slope, orientation, bathymetry, prevailing currents, waves, and fetch
  • Extent of erosion problem
  • Other hard shoreline stabilization structures adjacent or nearby
    Cooling Service Transpiration
    Building (Insulation)
    Reflection (Albedo)
    Surface Water Regulation Water Conveyance
    Water Infiltration
    Water Retention
    Water Storage
    Water Reuse
    Water Purification Water Filtering
    Water Bio-remediation
    Air Purification and Noise Reduction Deposition
    Air Biofiltration
    Noise Reduction
    Biodiversity Habitat Provision
    Socio-Cultural Services Beauty / Appearance
    Usability / Functionality
    Social Interaction
    Provisioning Service Food / Energy / Material
    Climate Regulation CO2 Sequestration