Başakşehir is one of 39 second-level districts of Istanbul, founded in 2008. The population was 342,422 in 2014 and is estimated to increase to 800,000 by 2020. It is home to one of the biggest organised industrial zones in Turkey with more than 20,000 SMEs and is very advanced in technology and innovation applications. Başakşehir actively provides its citizens with many services using information technologies and carries out projects to provide these services.

Başakşehir is facing numerous challenges, due to climate change and the fast population growth, such as heat stress, pollution, biodiversity loss and water scarcity. To tackle these challenges, Başakşehir aims at implementing several nature-based solutions. The city's vision for 2050 is to be a green city, with trees along paths, green river beds and connected green and blue areas, which people can enjoy and which make walking and cycling an attractive option. The aim for the city is also to have zero waste water in 2050, but instead focus on storing, recycling and treating the water so that it can be used multiple times.

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This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No. 730052 Topic: SCC-2-2016-2017: Smart Cities and Communities Nature based solutions