An EU Research & Innovation (R&I) agenda on nature-based solutions will enable Europe to become a world leader both in R&I and in the growing market for nature-based solutions. For this, the evidence base for the effectiveness of nature-based solutions needs to be developed and then used to implement solutions. Both need to be done in conjunction with stakeholders. The potential for transferability and upscaling of solutions also requires further investigation. There is also a need to develop a systemic approach that combines technical, business, finance, governance, regulatory and social innovation.
Four principal goals have been identified that can be addressed by nature-based solutions:
− Enhancing sustainable urbanisation through nature-based solutions can stimulate economic growth as well as improving the environment, making cities more attractive, and enhancing human well-being.
− Restoring degraded ecosystems using nature-based solutions can improve the resilience of ecosystems, enabling them to deliver vital ecosystem services and also to meet other societal challenges.
− Developing climate change adaptation and mitigation using nature-based solutions can provide more resilient responses and enhance the storage of carbon.
− Improving risk management and resilience using nature-based solutions can lead to greater benefits than conventional methods and offer synergies in reducing multiple risks.
Based on the four goals, seven nature-based solutions for R&I actions are recommended to be taken forward by the European Commission and Member States:
− Urban regeneration through nature-based solutions
− Nature-based solutions for improving well-being in urban areas
− Establishing nature-based solutions for coastal resilience
− Multi-functional nature-based watershed management and ecosystem restoration
− Nature-based solutions for increasing the sustainability of the use of matter and energy
− Nature-based solutions for enhancing the insurance value of ecosystems
− Increasing carbon sequestration through nature-based solutions
This report was produced by the Horizon 2020 Expert Group on 'Nature-Based Solutions and ReNaturing Cities', informed by the findings of an e-consultation and a stakeholder workshop.