Residential Parks are part of the Green Infrastructure (GI) of cities and serve the residential areas as the nearest main entry point for nature based recreation. Larger spatial elements of GI are district parks that often deliver more functions and combine various uses (e.g. sport fields). Smaller green spaces are often playgrounds or connecting green strips of land.

Basic information

Type: 
Retrofitting + Creation

Performance

Evapotranspiration 2 2
Shading 2 none
Reflection (Albedo) none
Water Conveyance 2
Water Infiltration 2
Water Retention 2
Water Storage 2
Water Reuse none
Water Filtering 2
Water Bio-remediation none
Deposition 2
Bio-filtration 2
Habitat Provision 2
Connectivity 2
Beauty / Appearance 2
Usability / Functionality 2
Social Interaction 2
Role of Nature / Mode of Action: 
The residential park acts like an oasis in an urban environment, with positive effects for urban climate, recreation, and biodiversity into the neighbouring residential areas.
Technical & Design Parameters: 
Residential parks should be well connected and accessible for pedestrians. The park should be at least 1.5 ha size and have a compact form (120m * 120 m) with high proportion of trees or small forest (> 50%) and a minimum of sealed surfaces. The layout of the typical London Residential Park with tree and shrub plantations next to the streets and a central open area can be seen as a model.
Conditions for Implementation: 
New urban development areas provide the opportunity to locate residential parks at the most suitable location maximising the effects on urban climate. But also in urban regeneration projects the establishment of new parks is possible and may be very beneficial. In order to have a maximised impact on urban climate the spatially equal distribution of parks is important.
Benefits & Limitations: 
Potentials: Residential parks are multifunctional and deliver all benefits of green infrastructure. Potential limitations/disservices: Accessibility is a key factor for the success of residential parks.

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No. 730052 Topic: SCC-2-2016-2017: Smart Cities and Communities Nature based solutions